114 XIII INTEGRATION
(1 22.214.171.124 ) n*(/)
Suppose first of all that/e <2fR(X) and that/, e jfR(X) for all n. It is
clear that the supports of all the fn are contained in the same compact set
K = Supp(/) u Supp(/i). By Dini's theorem (7.2.2), the sequence (/) con-
verges uniformly to /on X. The formula (126.96.36.199) then follows from the fact
that the restriction of n to Jf(X;K) is a continuous linear form on this
Now pass to the general case. Clearly we have ju*(/J ^ /**(/) for all n.
Hence it is enough to show that, for each function u e jf R(X) such that
u ^/ we have ju*(w) ^ sup /**(/). Now by (12.7.8) we know that, for each
function/,, there exists an increasing sequence (gmn)m^i of functions belong-
ing to 3ffR(X) such that / = sup gmn . We have /= sup gmn, hence also
m m, n
/= sup hn , where hn = sup #M . The functions hn clearly belong to *?f R(X)
and form an increasing sequence. Since u ^/, we have u = sup(inf(w, An)); the
sequence of functions inf(w, hn) is increasing and belongs to Jf R(X); since also
u eĞ2fR(X), the first part of the proof shows that /i*(w) = sup ju*(inf(w, /*));
but since hn ^/, we have /^*(inf(w, /*)) ^ M*(/M), and therefore finally
We remark that because the functions in </ never take the value oo,
the sum/ +/2 of two such functions is defined at every point of X, and
belongs to J (12.7.5).
(13.5.3) 7//i,/2 e J, then ^(f, +/2) = /.*(/) +
We may write / = lim gn and /2 == lim ^w , where (gn) and (/ZM) are two
increasing sequences of functions belonging to ^TR(X) (12.7.8). Hence we
have / +/2 = lim (gn -f /?) (4.1.8). Since ]n(gn + hn) = /*(#) -f ju(^i)> the
result follows from (13.5.2) and (4.1.8).
Let (tn) be any sequence whose terms are real numbers ^0, or +00.
Since the partial sums $ = /t + -f tn are defined (4.1.8) and form an
increasing sequence, this sequence has a limit in R (4.2.1), denoted by J] tn
and called the sum of the series with general term tn. For every sequence
(/,) of positive functions belonging to I, the function x\> ^fn(x) is therefore
n = locally compact spaces and TT : X -> Y a proper continuous mapping